US Cold Storage Market Research Report – Segmentation by Temperature Range (Frozen temperature range, Cooler temperature range, Chilled temperature range, Blast freezing temperature range); By End User/Application (Food and Beverage, Pharmaceutical, Industrial Chemicals & Other segments): and Region; - Size, Share, Growth Analysis | Forecast (2024– 2030)

US Cold Storage Market Size (2024-2030)

The US Cold Storage Market was valued at USD 41.82 Billion in 2023 and is projected to reach a market size of USD 100.23 Billion by the end of 2030. Over the forecast period of 2024-2030, the market is projected to grow at a CAGR of 13.3%. 

US Cold Storage Market

The US cold storage market plays a crucial role in safeguarding the nation's food supply and supporting diverse industries. It encompasses a complex network of refrigerated warehouses and facilities designed to maintain perishable goods at optimal temperatures, extending shelf life and ensuring quality. Busy lifestyles and changing consumer preferences are driving the consumption of frozen and prepared meals. This translates to an increased reliance on cold storage along the supply chain. Consumers are increasingly prioritizing fresh, minimally processed foods. This fuels the demand for efficient cold storage networks to preserve these perishables. Government mandates for maintaining the 'cold chain' of perishable products contribute to the growth of temperature-controlled facilities and logistics services; mechanization in warehousing, IoT-enabled temperature monitoring, and data analytics are transforming cold storage operations by enhancing efficiency and ensuring optimal product conditions.    

Key Market Insights:

The development in e-commerce, especially for fresh and frozen foods, is one of the main drivers of the enormous expansion of the cold storage sector in the United States. This in turn is driving up demand for cold chain infrastructure. Convenience foods, which frequently need to be transported and stored in a chilled or frozen state, are becoming more and more popular. Tight food safety laws demand that handling and storage be done at a temperature that is regulated.  An emphasis on healthy diets and an increase in the consumption of both fresh and processed foods feed the demand for dependable cold-chain infrastructure. This has a direct and advantageous effect on the market for cold storage. Meal delivery services and online grocery shopping are very popular. To preserve product quality from the point of production to the customer's door, a strong cold storage network is required.  Utilizing automation technology in warehouse operations—such as robotics for sorting and handling—maximizes productivity and lowers labour expenses in cold storage settings.  There is a trend in the market towards cold storage technologies that use less energy. Low-impact refrigerants are becoming more popular, as are advancements in building insulation and air conditioning systems. Market trends point toward mergers and acquisitions, along with strategic investments in expanding cold storage capacity nationwide. This often aligns with the needs of major food retailers and e-commerce giants. Due to the high costs associated with setting up and operating private cold storage, there is an increased reliance on third-party PRWs. These offer flexibility, scalability, and specialized services. Cold storage providers may go beyond storage, offering services such as blast freezing, packaging, and cross-docking to provide greater value to their clients. The integration of IoT sensors and data analytics will enhance temperature monitoring, supply chain optimization, and demand forecasting within cold storage operations.

US Cold Storage Market Drivers:

The US cold storage market is deeply intertwined with the nation's growing appetite for perishable products. Several factors contribute to this trend.

The American palate is shifting, and a central theme of this shift is the prioritization of fresh, minimally processed, and healthy food choices. This has far-reaching implications for the cold storage industry. Consumers no longer want to limit themselves to seasonal fruits and vegetables. Advanced global supply chains, coupled with cold storage, ensure that exotic fruits and out-of-season produce are always within reach. Demand for fresh meat, poultry, and seafood, perceived as healthy options, is growing steadily. Cold storage is vital to preserve quality and prevent spoilage within this segment. Dairy products, from yogurt, fresh cheese, and premium ice creams, are highly sensitive to temperature fluctuations. Reliable cold storage networks maintain their quality and appeal in the competitive marketplace. Time-strapped consumers seek convenient meal solutions. The frozen food aisle offers pre-prepared options that promise fresh-like quality, heavily reliant on cold chain integrity from production to store shelves. Supermarkets, restaurants, and consumers recognize the economic and environmental costs of food waste. Cold storage, by extending the shelf-life of perishables, is a powerful tool in combating this critical issue. The thriving restaurant industry places significant demand on cold storage facilities. Fresh ingredients, pre-portioned foods, and bulk storage requirements all necessitate specialized cold chain logistics.

The rapid adoption of online grocery shopping and meal delivery services directly fuels the need for a robust cold storage network.

The way we buy groceries is undergoing a rapid shift. Clicking and ordering fresh produce or a week's worth of meals from the comfort of our homes is becoming commonplace. This transformation has profound implications for cold storage. Unlike browsing a supermarket aisle, consumers buying groceries online put immense trust in the retailer to deliver fresh, unspoiled products. The cold chain, invisible to the consumer, becomes the backbone guaranteeing that trust. Traditional grocery stores have some cold storage capacity. The scale of e-commerce demands larger, strategically located warehouses dedicated to fulfilling online orders with specialized systems for refrigerated and frozen items. We're likely to see 'hub-and-spoke' models emerge. Large cold storage hubs stock a wide inventory, while smaller, localized facilities closer to consumers enable quick order fulfillment. The most complex part of the equation is the "last mile" – getting those temperature-sensitive goods to the doorstep while maintaining quality. Temperature-controlled vans, insulated lockers, and precise delivery time windows are areas of ongoing innovation. While online grocery shopping was already on the rise, the COVID-19 pandemic supercharged its adoption.  Consumers wary of crowded stores turned to e-commerce, forcing major grocery chains and delivery services to rapidly scale up their cold chain capabilities.

US Cold Storage Market Restraints and Challenges:

The high costs create a barrier to entry, can limit expansion, and impact the pricing of cold storage services for clients.

Building new cold storage facilities requires substantial upfront investment in land acquisition, specialized construction, and sophisticated refrigeration systems. Maintaining optimal temperatures within refrigerated and frozen spaces is notoriously energy-consuming. Fluctuating energy prices can significantly impact operating costs. Operating cold storage warehouses often requires specialized labor, potentially driving up personnel costs compared to traditional dry warehouses. Employees in cold storage warehouses face physically demanding work in low-temperature environments. This can make attracting and retaining workers difficult. Emerging technologies in automation and robotics require a workforce with new skills. The limited availability of workers with the necessary technical aptitude can hinder innovation and efficiency efforts. Maintaining compliance with constantly changing food safety regulations, including those stipulated by the Food Safety Modernization Act (FSMA), requires ongoing investment in infrastructure, technology, and comprehensive staff training. The storage and transportation of temperature-sensitive medicines and vaccines involve strict regulations enforced by the FDA. Adherence to these regulations necessitates specialized facilities and meticulous processes. Extended power outages triggered by natural disasters or infrastructure failures can result in product spoilage and significant losses, particularly when storing high-value or perishable goods. The COVID-19 pandemic revealed vulnerabilities in global supply chains. Such shocks have the potential to disrupt cold chain logistics, leading to bottlenecks and delays.

US Cold Storage Market Opportunities:

The growth of the biopharmaceutical sector, with its stringent temperature requirements for vaccines, cell therapies, and other sensitive therapeutics, fuels the need for specialized, highly regulated cold storage facilities. The rise of personalized medicine, meal-kit subscriptions, and online pharmacies is driving demand for small-scale, temperature-controlled shipments directly to consumers. This requires specialized cold storage and last-mile distribution solutions. The market for fresh-cut flowers, exotic produce, and other delicate perishable goods is expanding, calling for dedicated cold storage and handling facilities. Automation in tasks like sorting, retrieval, and transport within cold storage facilities promises to improve efficiency, reduce labor challenges, and potentially optimize space usage. The industry is transitioning towards refrigerants with lower environmental impact, aligning with sustainability goals and often driven by stricter regulations. Integrating solar power generation and battery storage solutions can lower the carbon footprint of cold storage facilities and offer protection against energy price volatility. As consumers become more accustomed to ordering groceries online, major retailers and platforms invest heavily in expanding their cold chain infrastructure and streamlining the supply chain. Concepts like micro-fulfillment centers or thoughtfully placed "dark stores" catering exclusively to online orders necessitate innovative approaches to cold storage integration. The e-commerce model places even greater emphasis on cold chain integrity to guarantee consumers safe, high-quality products. Technologies like blockchain are explored for enhanced traceability.

US Cold Storage Market Segmentation:




Market Size Available

2023 - 2030

Base Year


Forecast Period

2024 - 2030



Segments Covered

By Temperature range, end use application, and Region

Various Analyses Covered

Regional & Country Level Analysis, Segment-Level Analysis, DROC, PESTLE Analysis, Porter’s Five Forces Analysis, Competitive Landscape, Analyst Overview on Investment Opportunities

Regional Scope

North America, USA, MEXICO, CANADA

Key Companies Profiled

Lineage Logistics, Americold Logistics, United States Cold Storage, Preferred Freezer Services, Burris Logistics, VersaCold Logistics Services, Kloosterboer


US Cold Storage Market Segmentation:

US Cold Storage Market Segmentation: By temperature range 

  • Frozen temperature range
  • Cooler temperature range
  • Chilled temperature range
  • Blast freezing temperature range

The frozen temperature range, typically between -10°F (-23°C) and -20°F (-29°C), holds the largest market share in the US cold storage market, accounting for approximately 45% of the overall industry. This segment caters to the storage and preservation of frozen food products, such as meat, seafood, ice cream, and frozen vegetables and fruits. The second-largest segment is the cooler temperature range, which encompasses temperatures between 33°F (0.6°C) and 40°F (4.4°C). This range accounts for around 30% of the US cold storage market and is primarily used for storing fresh produce, dairy products, and certain prepared foods. The chilled temperature range, typically between 40°F (4.4°C) and 50°F (10°C), holds a market share of approximately 15%. This segment caters to the storage of products that require slightly higher temperatures than the cooler range, such as certain fruits, vegetables, and beverages. The blast freezing temperature range, ranging from -20°F (-29°C) to -40°F (-40°C), accounts for around 8% of the US cold storage market. This segment is crucial for rapidly freezing freshly harvested or processed products, such as meat, seafood, and prepared meals.

US Cold Storage Market Segmentation: By End Use/Application 

  • Food and Beverage
  • Pharmaceutical
  • Industrial Chemicals & Other segments

Food and Beverage is the most dominant sector, accounting for roughly 70-75% of the US cold storage market. This reflects the vast quantity and variety of perishable food items requiring refrigeration or freezing. Pharmaceuticals represent an estimated 15-20% of the market. This significant share highlights the stringent storage needs of the rapidly growing pharmaceutical and biotech industries. Industrial Chemicals & Other segments hold the remaining smaller market share (approximately 5-10% collectively). The food and beverage segment commands the largest share of the US cold storage market, mirroring the nation's massive food production and consumption patterns. The pharmaceutical sector is experiencing the most rapid growth within the US cold storage market, propelled by Advances in biologics, personalized medicine, and vaccine development driving the need for specialized cold storage that meets strict regulatory requirements. Increased prioritization of preventative healthcare and the rise of chronic disease management often involve temperature-sensitive pharmaceuticals.



US Cold Storage Market Segmentation: Regional Analysis:

  • West
  • Midwest
  • South
  • Northeast

West: A significant player with an estimated 25-30% share. This reflects California's massive agricultural output and the region's port access for import and export. West includes states like California, Washington, and Oregon. This region is a major agricultural hub, influencing its prominence in cold storage. Midwest: Commands a similar share in the range of 25-30%. This centers on its role as a food production and distribution powerhouse. South: Represents an estimated 20-25% of the market. Growth potential in this region is substantial. Northeast: Holds an estimated 15-20% market share, stemming from its population density and diverse industrial base.

The West and Midwest regions display relatively equal strength within the US cold storage market, due to their combined agricultural and food processing dominance. The South is currently positioned as the most rapidly growing region.

COVID-19 Impact Analysis on the US Cold Storage Market:

The US cold storage market was not an exception to the shockwaves that the COVID-19 pandemic drove across almost every industry in the world economy. Lockdowns, travel bans, and an overall air of unease characterized the early phases of the pandemic. This resulted in interruptions to international supply networks, which affected the movement of perishable goods and momentarily increased demand for cold storage space. The increasing prevalence of lockdowns caused a significant shift in customer behavior. Grocery buying via e-commerce has grown in popularity due to restaurant closures and a growing preference for home cooking. As a result, there was a rise in demand for cold storage facilities that could effectively store and distribute food goods that were temperature-sensitive for online orders. Instead of handling the bulk deliveries that were customarily made to physical retailers, cold storage suppliers had to modify their processes to accommodate smaller, more regular deliveries for e-commerce fulfillment. The demand for frozen food products surged as a result of the restricted availability of fresh produce and a focus on food options that could last longer. As a result, there was an increase in the need for storage space for frozen fruits, vegetables, and prepared foods. Preserving these life-saving drugs at extremely low temperatures posed a special challenge for the creation and dissemination of the COVID-19 vaccine. The need for specialized cold storage facilities that can achieve and sustain temperatures as low as -80°C was greatly increased as a result.

Latest Trends/ Developments:

The integration of automation and robotics addresses the persistent challenge of labor shortages and rising labor costs within the cold storage sector. Automated systems improve efficiency in tasks like picking, sorting, and transporting goods within the cold storage environment, leading to faster throughput and lower errors. The use of robots in physically demanding tasks, especially within extremely cold temperatures, improves worker safety and minimizes the risk of injuries. The cold storage industry is actively adopting energy-efficient technologies, including advanced refrigeration systems, optimized insulation, and renewable energy sources. There is a gradual shift away from traditional refrigerants with high global warming potential (GWP) towards eco-friendly alternatives. The integration of IoT sensors, real-time temperature mapping, and predictive analytics enable intelligent monitoring of the entire cold chain, ensuring product quality and minimizing wastage. Blockchain technology gains traction for enhanced transparency and accountability within the cold chain, allowing for precise tracking of perishable goods from origin to destination. Changing consumer preferences, with a willingness to experiment with both fresh and frozen foods, drive the need for versatile cold storage solutions.

Key Players:

  1. Lineage Logistics
  2. Americold Logistics
  3. United States Cold Storage
  4. Preferred Freezer Services
  5. Burris Logistics
  6. VersaCold Logistics Services
  7. Kloosterboer

Chapter 1. US Cold Storage Market– Scope & Methodology

   1.1. Market Segmentation

   1.2. Scope, Assumptions & Limitations

   1.3. Research Methodology

   1.4. Primary Sources

   1.5. Secondary Sources

 Chapter 2. US Cold Storage Market – Executive Summary

   2.1. Market Size & Forecast – (2024 – 2030) ($M/$Bn)

   2.2. Key Trends & Insights

   2.2.1. Demand Side

   2.2.2. Supply Side

   2.3. Attractive Investment Propositions

   2.4. COVID-19 Impact Analysis

 Chapter 3.  US Cold Storage Market– Competition Scenario

   3.1. Market Share Analysis & Company Benchmarking

   3.2. Competitive Strategy & Development Scenario

   3.3. Competitive Pricing Analysis

   3.4. Supplier-Distributor Analysis

 Chapter 4. US Cold Storage Market - Entry Scenario

    4.1. Regulatory Scenario

    4.2. Case Studies – Key Start-ups

    4.3. Customer Analysis

    4.5. PESTLE Analysis

    4.4. Porters Five Force Model

               4.4.1. Bargaining Power of Suppliers

               4.4.2. Bargaining Powers of Customers

               4.4.3. Threat of New Entrants

               4.4.4. Rivalry among Existing Players

                4.4.5. Threat of Substitutes

 Chapter 5. US Cold Storage Market- Landscape

  5.1. Value Chain Analysis – Key Stakeholders Impact Analysis

  5.2. Market Drivers

  5.3. Market Restraints/Challenges

  5.4. Market Opportunities

 Chapter 6. US Cold Storage Market– By  End User/Application

6.1.  Introduction/Key Findings   

6.2. Food and Beverage

6.3. Pharmaceutical

6.4. Industrial Chemicals & Other segments

6.5. Y-O-Y Growth trend Analysis By  End User/Application

6.6. Absolute $ Opportunity Analysis By  End User/Application  , 2024-2030

Chapter 7. US Cold Storage Market– By Temperature range

7.1. Introduction/Key Findings   

7.2. Frozen temperature range

7.3. Cooler temperature range

7.4. Chilled temperature range

7.5. Blast freezing temperature range

7.6. Y-O-Y Growth trend Analysis By Temperature range

7.7. Absolute $ Opportunity Analysis By Temperature range , 2024-2030

Chapter 8. US Cold Storage Market, By Geography – Market Size, Forecast, Trends & Insights

8.1. North America

                                8.1.1. By Country





                                8.1.2. By  End User/Application

                                8.1.3. By Temperature range

                                8.1.4. Countries & Segments - Market Attractiveness Analysis

Chapter 9. US Cold Storage Market– Company Profiles – (Overview, Product Portfolio, Financials, Strategies & Developments)

9.1. Lineage Logistics

9.2. Americold Logistics

9.3. United States Cold Storage

9.4. Preferred Freezer Services

9.5. Burris Logistics

9.6. VersaCold Logistics Services

9.7. Kloosterboer

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Frequently Asked Questions

Consumers crave fresh fruits, vegetables, and high-quality meat and dairy products, regardless of the season. Cold storage plays a vital role in maintaining supply and quality

Maintaining low temperatures in cold storage facilities is notoriously energy-intensive. Fluctuations in energy prices can significantly impact operating costs and profitability

Lineage Logistics, Americold Logistics, United States Cold Storage, Preferred Freezer Services, Burris Logistics, VersaCold Logistics Services, Kloosterboer.

West currently holds the largest market share, estimated at around 30%.

The southern states exhibit the fastest growth, driven by its increasing population, and expanding economy

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